Withdrawal Agreement Brexit Explained

The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulation and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries[9] and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202. [10] The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242[11] and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On the 22nd. In October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government was published as a first step in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to find the necessary support and announced his intention to call a general election.

[12] On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement. On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then finalised by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the procedure for the withdrawal of a Member State from the Union and introduces a two-year countdown to withdrawal. The Withdrawal Agreement also contains a Protocol on the UK Sovereign Control Areas in Cyprus and a Protocol on Gibraltar, which sets out the specific issues of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU in relation to Gibraltar. The Withdrawal Agreement also contains provisions obliging the United Kingdom to leave the Agreement establishing the Statute for the European Schools, with the United Kingdom being subject to an obligation for the Convention and the accompanying rules for accredited European Schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period.dem, i.e. the end of the 2020-2021 spring semester. [20] With regard to the Irish border issue, the agreement is accompanied by a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which establishes a fallback position that will only enter into force if no other effective arrangement is demonstrated before the end of the transition period. If this happens, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will remain in some aspects of the single market until such a demonstration is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union.

The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland where customs controls are necessary. [19] On 15 November 2018, one day after the british government cabinet presented and supported the agreement, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Withdrawal from the European Union. [28] The EU and the UK reached an agreement on the Withdrawal Agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (removal of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. .